The Employment Section handles employment related legal matters. The attorneys in the Section represent all City departments, management, and the City of Dallas in legal matters arising out of employment disputes with the City's permanent and temporary employees. The Section handles administrative cases involving appeals and grievances before the city manager's office and in the civil service system, represents the City in litigation filed against the City and individual defendants, advises departments regarding employment issues, teaches at City seminars, and performs many other employment-related duties. The Section defends the City in employment related litigation in both federal and state courts, many of those cases involving alleged constitutional violations; claims of discrimination and/or retaliation under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Texas Labor Code, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act, and the Texas Whistleblower Act, and other employment based claims. The Section handles administrative appeal hearings before the assistant city managers, the city manager, the administrative law judge, the Civil Service Board, and the Park Board. The Section also represents the City in unemployment compensation appeals before the Texas Workforce Commission. In addition to the above, the Section advises the Human Resources Department and other City departments on employment issues, reviews administrative directives and personnel rule changes, and assists City departments in employment related investigations.